Thailand: a mysterious country in detail

Thailand, with its vibrant beaches, exotic cuisine, and rich culture, has always attracted travelers and explorers. However, behind this well-known tourist image, there are many amazing and unusual facts that make this country even more intriguing and mysterious. Let's take a look at some of them.

Date: 19 September

1. Land of long names

Thailand is renowned for its long and colorful names, which can represent even the smallest of places. However, the longest word in the Thai language is the name of a village in the southern part of the country. Its length consists of 168 characters and is considered one of the longest place names in the world.

In the Thai language, the full name of Bangkok sounds like "กรุงเทพมหานคร อมรรัตนโกสินทร์ มหินทรายุธยา มหาดิลกภพ นพรัตนราชธานีบุรีรมย์ อุดมราชนิเวศน์มหาสถาน อมรพิมานอวตารสถิต สักกะทัตติยวิษณุกรรมประสิทธิ์" (Krungthepmahanakhon Amonrattanakosin Mahintharayutthaya Mahadilokphop Noppharatratchathaniburirom Udomratchaniwetmahasathan Amonphimanawatansathit Sakkathattiyawitsanukamprasit).

The translation of Bangkok's name from Thai to English is: "City of Angels, Great City of Immortals, Magnificent City of the Nine Gems, Seat of the King, City of Royal Palaces, Home of Gods Incarnate, Erected by Visvakarman at Indra's Behest.

2. Unusual Dating System

Thailand has its own unique dating system, which differs from many other countries and is rooted in the rich history of this Asian nation. The historical journey of dating in Thailand began in ancient times when the country was divided into various kingdoms and principalities. Each kingdom had its dating system based on the lunar calendar and events within the country. These systems were extremely diverse and did not always coincide between different regions of Thailand.

The most significant era for dating in Thailand began with the arrival of Buddhism. Thailand follows a dating system associated with the Buddhist era known as the Buddhist Era (BE). This calendar was adopted after the arrival of Buddhism in Thailand in the 3rd century BCE. It is based on the presumed birth date of Buddha, which was established as 543 BCE. Thus, the first year of the Buddhist Era was counted from 543 BCE. In 1941, the Thai government decided to make changes to the dating system. This reform included transitioning from the Buddhist Era to the Thai New Era (TNE). In this system, the first year of TNE coincides with 1941 CE, making the current year in our era equivalent to 248 TNE. The transition to TNE was made in an attempt to align with the global standard of the Gregorian calendar.

Today, Thailand uses the Sakka, or Thai calendar, which starts with the Buddhist era (BE). According to Sakka, the current year is 2566. To convert to the Western calendar, subtract 543 years, which results in the equivalence of 2566 Sakka to the year 2023 in the Western calendar.

3. Ancient temples and buddhist sanctuaries

Thailand is renowned for its magnificent Buddhist temples and sanctuaries. The country boasts over 40,000 Buddhist temples. One of the most significant and revered temples in Thailand is the Temple of the Emerald Buddha, located in Bangkok. This temple houses an image of Buddha carved from noble emerald and is considered a national treasure.

The ancient city of Ayutthaya, recognized as a UNESCO World Heritage site, is dotted with ancient temples and statues, making it a pilgrimage site for Buddhists and tourists alike.

Doi Suthep Temple in Chiang Mai impresses with its beauty and its location atop a mountain. This place allows visitors to enjoy breathtaking views and a sense of harmony.

Thai temple architecture captivates with its decorative elements and colorful frescoes depicting stories from Buddhist legends. The significance of Buddhism in the lives of the Thai people is vividly evident in every sanctuary and temple.

4. Islands and Beaches

Thailand, located in Southeast Asia, is renowned for its stunning islands and endless beaches that attract tourists from all over the world. These oases of natural beauty offer a wide range of opportunities for relaxation and entertainment.

One of the most famous islands is Phuket, with its crystal-clear waters of the Andaman Sea and vibrant nightlife. Samui Island appeals to lovers of exotic beaches and lively, festive parties. Phi Phi Island is famous for its underwater coral gardens and ideal conditions for diving and snorkeling.

5. Thailand's Orchids: Exquisite Beauties Among Flowers

Thailand, a country known for its wealth and diversity of flora, is famous for its exquisite orchids. Orchids in Thailand are simply breathtaking in their diversity. Over 1,500 species of orchids flourish in this country, and each one is unique. These flowers can be found everywhere, from tropical jungles to mountain ranges, and even in cities where they adorn parks and gardens.

One of the most renowned orchids in Thailand is the "Dendrobium Phalaenopsis," or "Phalaenopsis Orchid." It is known for its large, colorful blooms and delicate fragrance. Phalaenopsis orchids are often used in bouquets and floral arrangements, captivating with their beauty.

Furthermore, the "Vanda coerulea," or "Blue Vanda," is considered a symbol of Thailand and even graces the country's coat of arms. Its bright blue flowers dazzle with their vibrancy and splendor.

Thailand is also famous for its exotic orchid varieties, such as the "Paphiopedilum," or "Lady's Slipper Orchids," with their unique shapes and recognizable "faces," and "Dendrobium nobile," with cascades of proud, blooming stems.

Thailand is an amazing and diverse country, full of unique and unusual facts. Whether you are coming here for a vacation or considering Thailand as a potential place for real estate investments, this country promises you unforgettable experiences and discoveries.

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